Tirta Empul Temple as Bali Temple Tourism Object

Tirta Empul Temple is located in Manukaya Village, Tampak Siring District, Gianyar Regency, Bali. Tirta Empul, which in the Balinese language means water spurting out of the ground, is a holy spring that is now part of the Hindu Hindu cult of the same name, Pura Tirta Empul. Springs that are located on cool highlands are also a sacred spring that is owned by the local community

From the stories of local people, this place is part of the legendary feud of the Gods with a strong but greedy king named Mayadanawa. With his magical powers, the king succeeded in expanding his territory by conquering and controlling other kingdoms such as Bugis, Makasar, Sumba, and Lombok. But because of his curiosity, this King likened him to the Gods and made himself the only one worthy of worship and forbade his people to worship others including the Gods. Knowing this, Lord Bhatara Indra and his army descended to earth to enlarge the King.

The King was defeated in battle and fled to the forest, but the troops of Dewa Bhatara Indra did not stop chasing the King. In the midst of the pursuit, knowing that the forces pursuing fatigue, with supernatural powers from the King created a poisonous spring for the troops to drink it, his tactics succeeded which resulted in many forces of the gods accusing poisoning.

To overcome this, Dewa Bhatara Indra also created a counter water that was able to neutralize poisons by jabbing his spear into the ground, this spring was the forerunner of the source of water from the ponds. After successfully healing his troops, Dewa Indra Bhatara also managed to shoot and kill the King even though the King tried to outwit God by turning himself into sandstone. The fighting incident that killed the voracious King Mayadanawa was the celebration that underlies the Galungan Day by Balinese people who described the victory of dharma (goodness) over adharma (evil).

Because of the sanctity and efficacy of this spring, a bathing pool was created in the days of King Sri Candrabhaya (around 962 AD) to make it easier for people who wanted to receive blessings from this spring, and also build Pura on it during the reign of King Masula. Masuli came to power from around 1178 AD. Besides the Pura Tirta Empul complex there is also the Tampaksiring State Palace which was built by the first President of the Republic of Indonesia, Ir. Soekarno in 1957.

When visiting the Pura Tirta Empul complex, we will be asked to use kamen cloth or sarongs used for worship by Balinese Hindus as a form of our respect for the complex of worship buildings. The Pura Tirta Empul complex has three main parts, namely Nista Mandala in the outer part, Middle Mandala in the middle, and the Main Mandala as a place of worship on the inside / main.

The swimming pool itself is in the middle of the temple complex and there are two bathing pools where each pool has a fountain resembling a snail shell spraying water from a holy spring. Each shower has a name according to its nature such as holding a shower and cleaning the shower. The tradition of purifying Balinese in this holy bath is known as the ritual of melukat which is in the process by first placing the canang containing offerings and incense which is burned with prayer.

Before flowing into a shower-shaped snail shower, water from the holy spring is first accommodated in a sacred pool located on the upper side of the bathing pool. The water from the bathing pool is then flowed into a reservoir that contains hundreds of colorful koi fish and from this new fish pond flows back into the river.

This bathing complex is not only crowded by Balinese who want to explore, but also by local tourists and foreign tourists who want to get the benefits of the holy spring. Long lines will also take place in the bathing complex during the period which coincides with religious ceremonies. This becomes a necessity, because the nature of Bali is known as a religious society that always tries to preserve the cultural values ​​of their ancestors and harmonize them with their lives in the present.




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